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This material supplements information provided by physicians, nurses, genetic counselors, and other members of your health care team about Cowden syndrome. It does not replace regular medical care or discussions with your health care team. If you see an unfamiliar term, please see the Glossary of Terms at the end of this material.
Fibrocystic breast changes lead to the development of fluid-filled round or oval sacs cysts and more prominent scar-like fibrous tissue, which can make breasts feel tender, lumpy or ropy. Fibrocystic breasts are composed of tissue that feels lumpy or rope-like in texture. Doctors call this nodular or glandular breast tissue.
Fibroadenoma is a common benign breast lesion and results from the excess proliferation of connective tissue. Fibroadenomas characteristically contain both stromal and epithelial cells. They usually occur in women between the ages of 10 and 40 years.
Sometimes, certain types of cancer seem to run in some families. In some cases, this might be because family members share certain behaviors or exposures that increase cancer risk, such as such as smoking. Cancer risk might also be affected by other factors, like obesity, that tend to run in some families.
Skip to Content. Hamartomas are benign, meaning noncancerous, tumor-like growths. CS is characterized by a high risk of both benign and cancerous tumors of the breastthyroidendometrium uteruscolorectalkidneyand skin melanoma.
Accessory breastsalso known as polymastiasupernumerary breastsor mammae erraticaeis the condition of having an additional breast. Extra breasts may appear with or without nipples or areolae. It is a condition and a form of atavism which is most prevalent in male humans, and often goes untreated as it is mostly harmless.
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Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer HBOC syndrome is an inherited cancer-predisposition syndrome. Affected individuals have a significantly greater risk of developing certain cancers, particularly breast cancer, in both men and women, and ovarian cancer in women. Affected individuals tend to develop cancer earlier in life as well, usually before the age of Additionally, to a lesser degree, there is also an increased risk of developing other types of cancer including prostrate cancer, melanoma, and pancreatic cancer.